Thursday, December 31, 2015

President Rubio? LOL

Marco Rubio isn't just a lousy money manager he's a serial con man.
When Marco Rubio was majority whip of the Florida House of Representatives, he used his official position to urge state regulators to grant a real estate license to his brother-in-law, a convicted cocaine trafficker who had been released from prison 20 months earlier, according to records obtained by The Washington Post. The governor, at that time, was Rubio’s political mentor, Jeb Bush — who is now running against the Florida senator for the Republican presidential nomination.
Read the rest here.

Rubio has misused Republican credit cards on spending sprees rocking his campaign and putting him deeply into debt.

Under fire for missing key Senate votes Rubio is currently joy-riding through Iowa cherry-picking decisions made by the Supreme Court of the United States and parroting the Benghazi trope.

The Republicans can't afford to lose Rubio in the Senate so he won't be Donald Trump's Veep pick either.

Back in September half of Florida voters thought catholics Jeb Bush and Marco Rubio should drop out of the Trump Show.

South Dakota's At-large Representative Kristi Noem is supporting Rubio for the Republican presidential nomination.

Monday, December 28, 2015

Colorado judge concerned cannabis in a more dangerous category than cocaine

Update, 30 December, 1420 MST: A Democratic New Mexico legislator has pre-filed a bill resembling Colorado's law that legalizes cannabis. Wyoming Democrat Jim Byrd has drafted legislation that would ease penalties for possession and recognize licenses from states where therapeutic use is legal.

.............

U.S. District Judge R. Brooke Jackson is hearing arguments today in a Colorado cannabis banking case but has no deadline for making a decision.

Colorado Public Radio's Ben Markus and Kristen Wyatt of the Associated Press are covering the hearing.

The federal government has asked the Supreme Court of the United States not to hear a lawsuit brought by Oklahoma and Nebraska Republican attorneys general.
Not all employers are taking the just-say-no approach. Some are rethinking their policies and considering ditching their marijuana bans altogether. [ABA Journal]
Read more on the story here.

Tribal casinos are miniature banks. Colorado could enter a cannabis compact with the Ute Nation in the state and let the tribe be the bank.


Tuesday, December 22, 2015

All the above: fire, bark beetle, thinning critical for water supplies

Update, 28 December, 1350 MST:
Despite the gains, at least 65 million National Forest System acres are still in need of restoration, agency leaders said, explaining that the rising cost of wildfire suppression has taken funding away from restoration, watershed and wildlife programs, limiting the Forest Service’s ability to do the work that would prevent fires in the first place. [Bob Berwyn]
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Update, 26 December, 0915 MST: "Fire top factor as officials update forest management plan:" Santa Fe New Mexican.

..................

Laura McCarthy is director of conservation for the Nature Conservancy in New Mexico.
“Healthy forests, which are not so packed, release more water,” McCarthy said. “Overgrown forests are not in the condition to function as the water towers we need them to be. Overgrown forests work at 70 percent of their capacity.” She said investors know that water is critical to the economy, and that water fund projects are as important to business as they are to the environment. [Albuquerque Journal]
And, from the US Geological Survey:
Ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa), the most widely distributed pine in North America, experienced one of the most rapid and extensive of these post-glacial plant migrations. The eastern race of ponderosa pine (variety scopulorum) spread northward along the Rocky Mountains, starting at its northernmost known distribution in southern New Mexico and Arizona around 13,000 years ago, and reached central Montana only within the last millennium. The western race (variety ponderosa) experienced a parallel but less well-known migration along the Sierra Nevada, eventually mingling with the northernmost populations of the eastern race in the northern Rockies. [Climate Past as Prologue for Ponderosa Pines]
Talk about shutting the barn door after the horses were incinerated by arsonists.
Any fire study that only looks back as far as 1979 ignores huge fires that resulted from major droughts in earlier decades. The 1970s were one of the wettest decades on record, with an average of just 3 million acres a year burned. By comparison, there were 9 million acres of annual fires in the 1950s; 23 million in the 1940s; and 39 million in the 1930s. While there are some problems with data from those early decades, they are valid enough to show that recent changes in droughts and fires are due to cyclical variations in climate, not to human-caused warming. [The Antiplanner]
How firing off those forests didn't contribute to a warming planet remains a mystery.
On average, the Forest Service spends about $1.3 billion on fire suppression, but that cost has been steadily rising in recent years. This year, for the first time ever, more than half of the Forest Service’s budget was dedicated to fire, meaning that other, non-fire programs — like watershed management or road maintenance — have seen their budgets decline. [2015 Was The Costliest Wildfire Season Ever]
Global warming has been accelerating since humans began setting fires to clear habitat, as a weapon or just for amusement. The Industrial Revolution and European settlement in the New World took hardwoods for charcoal then humans allowed fast-growing conifers to replace lost forests.
A new analysis of the fossil record by scientists at the Smithsonian’s National Museum of Natural History has revealed that the structure of plant and animal communities changed significantly about 6,000 years ago, around the time agriculture began to spread across North America. Obviously, something had changed the way plants and animals interacted with each other and with their environments — the question that remained was what might have been the cause. The researchers had two main theories: the first was that changes in the climate were responsible, and the second was that some kind of other biological pressure, likely human activities — which were on the rise during this period in history — was to blame.
Read that here.

Grass, gambel oak and creosote bushes would replace the piñon and juniper stands where groundwater is threatened.
According to a new scientific study, New Mexicans might come to live amid such a landscape, virtually barren of all coniferous trees, within a generation or two. The study, led by a Los Alamos National Laboratory researcher, says the conifers of the southwestern United States’ pine-juniper woodlands could be wiped out by climate change. “What we found is that by 2050, give or take multiple decades, there should be no forests in the Southwest,” said Los Alamos ecologist Nate McDowell. [Albuquerque Journal]
According to the US Department of Interior forests, grasslands, shrublands and other ecosystems in the West sequester nearly 100 million tons (90.9 million metric tons) of carbon each year.

The US Forest Service responded to 52 new wildland fire starts totaling 23,425 acres during just one day in August. 15,089 of those acres are in the Northwest. The US Army mobilized to assist with structure protection. A record 35 Incident Meteorologists were deployed to support firefighters and to provide vital weather info to responders.

Latest reports place western wildfire damage at a record-breaking 6.9 million acres so far this season, 45% higher than in an average year. Half of the Forest Service budget is ear-marked for wildland fire costs and this year's allotment is up in flames.

Dense Douglas fir, spruce, lodgepole, ponderosa pine stands prevent aspen restoration and hardwood release while opposition to mechanical harvest rages on in the environmental community. No longer natural after a century of fire suppression Montana's forests are building fuel loads in habitats where indigenous cultures cleared for millennia.

Last year the western spruce budworm defoliated 25,000 acres of Douglas fir, Engelmann spruce and lodgepole pine in northwestern Wyoming: more evidence of anthropogenic climate change.

Trees growing on public land are not agriculture any more than wild salmon are aquaculture. One part of a solution to forest management woes is to move the US Forest Service from the US Department of Agriculture into Interior where American Indian nations could more easily assume additional responsibilities for stewardship on public land.

People building in or near these hazards should be denied homeowners insurance but blaming federal land managers for running out of money to protect private property while denying climate disruptions are influenced by human activity is just delusional.

Pre-emptive burns and managed lightning-struck fires are essential to restoring balance in western ecosystems just like letting bison crop invasive grasses is to the Greater Missouri Basin.

There are no naturally-occurring Black Hills spruce in the Wyoming Bear Lodge Mountains likely due to the massive aspen community there.
The area near the headwaters of Middle Redwater Creek is hardly extraordinary. Located in the Black Hills National Forest 10 miles north of Sundance, scraggly trees and brush surround shallow ponds and slow-moving streams. Because the beavers left, the ponds started to deteriorate. This not only affected finescale dace, which were no longer in the immediate area, but also surrounding vegetation and deer, waterfowl and other wildlife. But people eventually moved in, killing beavers, blowing up dams and redirecting water for human consumption and use. This transformed the environment of the region. Aside from that, the finescale dace still hold an important place on the landscape if nothing else than the fact they are a “glacial relic.” [Sheridan region biologists work to preserve finescale dace]
Recall that dace was the only fish identified in Black Hills streams by the Custer Expedition in 1874 and trout are not native to the region.

Box Elder Creek is still running in December because of the mountain pine beetle's feast of pine while a town named for a war criminal is preparing another celebration of ecocide.

South Dakota Governor Denny Daugaard is a climate and Anthropocene denier yet state climatologist Dennis Todey is ringing the climate alarm.

So, the question remains: should rewilding efforts seek to restore sustainable wild lands to Pleistocene Era conditions or let the Anthropocene lay waste desertifying precious resources changing the landscape forever leaving survivors to cleave out habitable zones forsaking native species?

“Clearcuts are the prescription for lodgepole pines,” according to Kelly Norris, the Wyoming State Forestry district forester in Buffalo.

Get cattle off the Black Hills National Forest and make it part of the Greater Missouri Basin National Wildlife Refuge.

If enviros succeed in driving from office the only Democrats who can preserve public lands and leave Republicans to their devices we are truly fucked.



Thursday, December 17, 2015

Daschle, Lott: Congress at 'Crisis Point'



Montana Senator Max Baucus threw fellow Democrat Tom Daschle under the bus during a pre-confirmation quarrel in 2009.
Why doesn’t anyone mention Tom Daschle when they talk about possible Democratic candidates for the U.S. Senate election in 2016? The retirement of the party’s last federal office-holder, U.S. Sen. Tim Johnson, last year left the Democrats without a leader. So the question remains. If not Daschle in 2016, then who? [excerpt, Bob Mercer]
President Obama's pick for Health and Human Services Secretary, Daschle was widely expected to push Congress toward a Medicaid-for-all health care plan as Big Pharma-backed Baucus worked to pass the Affordable Care Act or ObamaCare. Daschle withdrew from nomination.

Note during the video introduction that Daschle proudly said he is a Democrat from South Dakota.

How often does anyone say that any more?

With Harry Reid stepping down as Minority Leader and the possibility that Democrats could retake the Senate why wouldn't Tom Daschle, who retains his seniority if elected, want to reach for the brass ring an unvetted, ethics-negative John Thune can't touch?

Tuesday, December 15, 2015

Priebus says GOP 'cooked' if nominee loses

Rand Paul is still on the main stage at the Republican debate in Las Vega: he is leading the GOP field as their cannabis advocate. Nevada is moving forward with cultivation and distribution.

Front runner, Donald Trump has called for the legalization of all controlled substances.

Chris Christie is a sideshow for the criminally obese.

Ted Cruz is just plain creepy.


Marco Rubio is an infidelitous crook.

Jeb Bush is complicit in the September 11, 2001 attacks.

Ben Carson is in a death spiral.

With former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton zooming away from the Republican clown car in fundraising the GOPers are panicking.
Republican National Committee Chairman Reince Priebus fears the worst for his party in the event of a loss in 2016. During an exclusive interview with the Washington Examiner Thursday, Priebus said that the GOP will be "cooked" as a national party if they fail to take back the White House next November.
Read the exciting news here.

David Brooks calls the Republican caucus bumbling, incompetent and dysfunctional.

The GOP is between Iraq and hothead: if Donald Trump doesn't get the nomination he'll run an unaffiliated campaign and drag his supporters with him.








Friday, December 11, 2015

Today in gun reform: tax the hell out of them

On Weekend Edition Saturday Scott Simon lumped the Westerhuis murders in with acts of domestic terrorism.
The names of towns — Colorado Springs last week, San Bernardino this week, Roseburg, Oregon in October, Platte, South Dakota in September, Lafayette, Louisiana in July, Omaha, in January — and of victims, heroes, and assailants sometimes seem to run together. [After Mass Shootings, People Turn To Prayer — And Prayer Shaming]
A gun is like a lawyer: you carry one around long enough and sooner or later you're going to use it.

From the Casper Trib online:
The Wyoming Department of Revenue has suspended sales tax collections from gun shows because of increasing animosity toward the state's field tax agents. Dan Noble, director of the department's excise tax division, said Friday that an incident at a gun show triggered the decision. He added, however, that resistance from gun show sponsors and participants has been a recurring problem statewide. "I have 10 field reps throughout the state, and every one of them has experienced some animosity," he said. "Folks are nervous anyway because there are guns there. I don't want to put my people at risk."
Red states are not going to fix their own problems.

Only We the People can slow these people down. Local law enforcement is only as effective as a legislature wants it to be.

Is this how Americans really want to live? Carry rifles and sidearms into every bar, church, and arena?
Milch has pointed out repeatedly in interviews that the intent of the show was to study the way that civilization comes together from chaos by organizing itself around symbols (in Deadwood the main symbol is gold). If history is written by the victors, Deadwood is all about giving the losers their due. In the first season, magnificent bastard Al Swearengen (Ian McShane) came off as a villain; this year, his inevitably doomed campaign to save the lawless town from annexation by the United States and exploitation by robber barons served as a brilliant allegory for the evolution of American capitalism.
Gun carrying people are saying they are being responsible (but won't be held liable) for our safety if the rest of us don’t, or refuse to, carry.

Thomas Jefferson believed a standing army and the right to bear arms are mutually exclusive.

Stand your ground has become vigilante justice because the courts are overwhelmed with suspects in the war on drugs, our communities are becoming armed camps and we’re barricaded in our homes afraid to let our kids go to school.

How many more people will be caught in or die from as yet uncounted crossfires?

Maybe this would be a great time for a piece of rhubarb pie.

Wyoming is most heavily armed state, South Dakota is number 22.

Prohibition doesn't work: levy transaction taxes on the sales and gifting of shotguns, rifles, handguns and extended clips then tag the revenue for Medicaid expansion.


Tuesday, December 8, 2015

The Gregorian calendar: what is it good for?



The Gregorian calendar is a ridiculous anachronism. How is something called the 'the christian calendar' appropriate in secular societies?
The prayer for rain, which asks God to “bestow dew and rain for blessing upon the face of the earth,” has a number of curious characteristics. First, it is the only Jewish ritual whose start in the Diaspora is tied to the Gregorian civil calendar, rather than the Hebrew one, though its termination (back to dew) reverts to Hebrew timing. [Haaretz]
Well? What is it good for?




Thursday, December 3, 2015

Award-winning RCJ cannabis series features Central City pioneer

Media cripple Lee Enterprises has presented its President's Award for News Excellence to a Rapid City Journal series.

The July reports written and photographed mainly by Assistant Managing Editor Chris Huber with able assistance from Seth Tupper examined the debate over therapeutic cannabis in South Dakota.
The series featured on-the-record stories of people who feel compelled to break state law in order to obtain the relief they say marijuana provides them. The judges said the series "offers a very personal look into legal risks of those who use the drug and informative reporting intended to help frame a more intelligent debate on medical marijuana."
Read it all here.

Among the stories is Central City's Brad Morgan, who canvassed Deadwood for signatories to Initiated Measure 24. Brad and this reporter have been friends for twenty years.

His resilience and energy compelled the construction of this template for South Dakota's legislature to consider.

The State of Colorado is hiring a deputy cannabis coordinator.

The Gannett Company should buy Lee Enterprises which owns the Rapid City Journal and 45 other daily newspapers.

Chart of the Week: Momentum Building for Marijuana Legalization Via Ballot Measures

Monday, November 30, 2015

Kelley talks Solarize South Dakota

Dakota Midday really is the only locally-produced program on Bill Janklow's idea of public radio worth listening to.

A taped broadcast of Charles Michael Ray's interview with Don Kelley can be heard here.

Former teevee host Ted Koppel has been an NPR contributor for decades and to pump his new book he sat for an interview on The Diane Rehm Show. Koppel is convinced that an inevitable cyber attack on the US could take down the grid for days, even months causing food shortages and mayhem.

Renewable energy strengthens communities in Indian Country.
The Interior Department has sent out $195 million in offers to landowners on the Standing Rock Sioux Reservation in North Dakota and South Dakota. The $3.4 billion Cobell settlement provided $1.9 billion for Indian landowners who want to sell (pdf) their fractionated interests. DOI will pay "fair market value" as required by the Indian Land Consolidation Act. Participation is entirely voluntary. Any land that is acquired will be returned to tribes. [Indianz]
Ice storms routinely knock out electric power on reservations sometimes resulting in lost lives.
A college on the Standing Rock Indian Reservation will receive about $1 million in federal funding for a $2 million renewable energy project. The grant will be used to help install 636 kilowatts of solar power at five buildings at Sitting Bull College. Officials say the project should decrease short-term energy costs by 20 percent, saving about $74,000 a year. Standing Rock is one of 11 tribal communities slated to split up nearly $6 million in federal money for clean energy projects. The 3,600-square-mile reservation straddles the North Dakota-South Dakota border. [Associated Press]
Microgrid technologies are destined to enhance tribal sovereignty and free communities from monopolistic utilities.

Sunday, November 29, 2015

Cannabis effective treatment for autistic kids

Morbidly obese Republican New Jersey Governor Chris Christie has signed a bill into law that authorizes parents or primary caregivers to administer edible cannabis to symptomatic children at school.

Exposure to genetically engineered organisms is believed to be a vector for the development of autism in afflicted foetuses but while some parents of autistic kids want politics to treat symptoms, some want results.
“Let’s say a new patient is an 11-year-old boy, weighs 75 pounds and suffers with severe non-verbal autism. The ACT Now software allows us to track patient-driven data in a HIPAA-compliant, cloud-based platform, so the physician or consultant can compare cannabinoid sequencing charts from a global database of matching patient conditions. “To make the medicine available to a wider population, we needed to take the project out of Colorado, because we couldn’t transport medication across state lines. That’s why we’re here in Ukiah,” says Chad Ruby, COO of United Cannabis. [Ukiah Daily Journal]
But in South Dakota quibbling over whom is qualified to treat patients is overrunning the discussion.
A task force spawned by a bill from the 2015 legislative session that mandates certain insurance plans cover a costly but effective treatment for children with autism is meeting in Pierre. The new law requires certain insurance plans to pay for applied behavior analysis therapy. [KSFY teevee]
Cannabis is effective therapy for diabetes, too.

The Cherokee Indian Tribe of North Carolina is considering legal cannabis.

In Republican households feeding junk food to kids alters the gut-brain connection: a leading cause of autism.
We won’t know for a while whether South Dakota voters will face a ballot measure that would change the criminal penalties for possessing one ounce or less of marijuana and marijuana paraphernalia. The LRC estimated there would be 3,174 fewer convictions annually, with an estimated reduction of prison and jail costs totaling $731,742 each year. [Bob Mercer]
Governments don't create autistic kids, Republicans and parents exposed to environmental contaminants do.

Monday, November 23, 2015

UNL study: ag responsible for uranium leaching into High Plains Aquifer

In a newly-completed study 78 percent of groundwater samples found with unsafe concentrations of uranium were also contaminated with nitrates from industrial agriculture.
The researchers from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln estimate that nearly 2 million people in California and the Great Plains live over groundwater that has been contaminated with uranium, which can cause health problems. Data from roughly 275,000 samples from two of the nation's largest aquifers — the High Plains aquifer and the Central Valley aquifer in California — were examined for the study. Those two underground stockpiles supply water for irrigation and many communities rely on the aquifers for drinking water. The High Plains Aquifer stretches underneath some 174,000 square miles in parts of South Dakota, Nebraska, Wyoming, Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, New Mexico and Texas. [Mitchell Daily Republic]
At Crow Butte near the headwaters of the White River above Crawford, Nebraska Canadian-based Cameco, Inc. has obtained rights to use 9,000 gallons of water per minute to extract raw uranium ore through 8,000 holes bored into the Ogallala and Arikaree Aquifers.

The foreign miners have already pumped about half a billion gallons of radioactive waste water into disposal wells and have rights to bury more. Two years ago Cameco, the world’s largest uranium producer, paid a million dollar fine for environmental damage in Wyoming.
In 2011, the total water stored in the aquifer was about 2.96 billion acre-feet, an overall decline of about 246 million acre-feet (or 8 percent) since pre-development. Change in water in storage from 2009 to 2011 was an overall decline of 2.8 million acre-feet. The overall average water-level decline in the aquifer was 14.2 feet from pre-development to 2011, and 0.1 foot from 2009 to 2011.
The High Plains Aquifer, also known as the Ogallala Aquifer, underlies about 112 million acres (175,000 square miles) in parts of eight states Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming. The USGS, at the request of the U.S. Congress, has published reports on water-level changes in the High Plains Aquifer since 1988. Congress requested these reports in response to substantial water-level declines in large areas of the aquifer. --news release, US Geological Survey, links added.
A breach like one at the Gold King Mine in Colorado would send toxic, radioactive waste into the Oglala Lakota Nation and into the Missouri River.

Read more about indigenous action from Debra White Plume's piece at Indian Country Today.

The President of South Dakota School of Mines, Heather Wilson, is the Lydia Rodarte-Quayle of the state's crony capitalist meth lab. Wilson wants to bury radioactive waste in South Dakota.
To clinch the contract extension, Sandia labs officials hired high-priced consultants — including Heather A. Wilson, the former New Mexico congresswoman, who allegedly was paid $226,000 — to write up a “contract extension strategy.” Among the tactics allegedly suggested by Wilson was “working key influencers” by targeting then-Energy Secretary Steven Chu’s staff, his relatives and friends, and his former colleagues at another federal lab — all with the goal of keeping Lockheed Martin in charge of Albuquerque-based Sandia. Lockheed “engaged in deep and systemic corruption, including paying Congresswoman Heather Wilson $10,000 a month starting the day after she left office for so-called consulting services that had no written work requirements.” [Washington Post]
Volcanic clays like bentonite mined near Belle Fourche make radioactive waste repositories such as the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant near Carlsbad, New Mexico possible. Workers at Wipp are threatening to strike shutting down the dump.

Bonus: the railroad from Belle goes right into Brookings, brought to you by Kristi Noem!

Huh, one of Heather Wilson's favorite benefactors, Albuquerque-based Valero Energy, gave Tike Mike Rounds $10,000 last cycle.

When Black Hills Corp. greases candidates like Heather Wilson while South Dakota's Board of Minerals and Environment makes conflicts of interest harder to find and the Public Utilities Commission is stacked with Republicans, the blur of the revolving door is vertiginous.

At least one South Dakota Republican calls it the "fed's war on energy" when it's really Big Energy's war on the Earth.
Debra White Plume (Wioweya Najin Win), Executive Director of Owe Aku, is an Oglala Lakota grandmother and water rights activist who is taking on Cameco, the world’s largest producer of uranium, near her homeland on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, in South Dakota. From traveling through the lands, providing training camps, speaking engagements, strategic planning meetings, prayer circles with the Cheyenne Nation, Lakota Nation, Diné Nation, Apache Nation, Annishanabe Nation (Canada), Gila River Nation and Palestinian allies, the message is out there to continue to resist, to engage, to empower, to act collectively, to never give up.
Read it here.
Powertech/Azarga proposes a uranium mine split between Fall River County and Custer County threatening water uses and availability in those areas. This project is loaded with red flags for both water and public health. The economic fate of the Black Hills is at stake. The EPA has proposed rules changes for In Situ Recovery to protect valuable water resources. They recognize that ISR activities use significant volumes of water and state "the ISR process does directly alter groundwater chemistry, posing the challenge of groundwater restoration and long-term subsurface geochemical stabilization after the ISR operational phase ends." They also acknowledge that the lixiviants used can liberate other elements, particularly heavy metals, and that the migration of these outside the production zone can potentially contaminate surrounding aquifers. [Letter, Rebecca Leas]
With uncanny accuracy Gary Heckenlaible predicted the failure of the Gilt Edge Mine south of Deadwood now a Superfund site. He was also a strong champion for reproductive rights and a valiant opponent of the Dewey Burdock uranium mine.


Thursday, November 19, 2015

Today's intersection: tribal economic development and Yellowstone bison

Tribes don’t want help from the State of South Dakota or any other western state unless it’s government to government.

Pay the tribes for the Black Hills, move BHNF out of USDA into Interior then give tribal governance over a new national monument that includes the national grasslands, Bear Butte and the Slim Buttes. Include land held by the US Bureau of Land Management.

Create wildlife corridors connecting those lands with others throughout the Greater Missouri River basin and release the 1000 bison Montana wants to kill into one of those corridors.

Here’s one plan:
This is offered as a remedy for buffalo overgrazing the Lamar Valley in Yellowstone National Park: Reintroduce overproduction of YNP bison to the Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge and the adjacent Bureau of Land Management lands within the Lewistown District north of the CMR.
Montana is unique in the west for its federal land, coupled with YNP as our treasured source of pure bison, for reintroduction into the CMR. Since most of our federal land is leased to domestic cattle and sheep grazers at a low price of $1.69 animal unit month for a cow and calf or five sheep, it is only fair that domestic cows and sheep share the public grass with bison. The province of Saskatchewan has established two Canadian National Grasslands parks north of the U.S. border where brucellosis-free and genetically pure bison are being reintroduced.
We continue suffering from 27 years of poor management — through YNP boundary shooting by tribes and licensed shooters — after 58 percent of the bison were slaughtered in 1988-89. National disgrace and embarrassment due to lack of practical management continues while at the same time failing to manage bison numbers within YNP.
Bison populations can be controlled through bison reintroduction to the CMR, licensed fair chase hunters harvesting bison within the CMR and Montana Fish, Wildlife and Parks managing the hunt. The goal is a sustainable number of bison in the CMR in balance with the production of native grasses and with domestic cattle and sheep.[LTE: Joe Gutkoski, president, Yellowstone Buffalo Foundation, Great Falls Tribune]
Corridors over public and private land to the Fork Peck, Crow, and Northern Cheyenne nations then into Wyoming's Thunder Basin National Grassland beyond to North and South Dakota merely takes the political will to do it.

Northern Colorado has just added a bison herd. The Oglala, Pawnee and Comanche National Grasslands are not far away.

The relatively small distance between the Canadian River and the Rio Grande reminded me again how the earliest humans, thwarted by glaciers, the dire wolf, and Smilodon on everything north of the Sangre de Cristos terminating at Santa Fe, blazed the Pecos Trail from west to east into The Great Plains to find an inland paradise teeming with prey. Human successes likely contributed to the extinction of those two species and most camelids some 11,000 years ago.

After the herds reach sustainable levels agreed upon by the stakeholders allow private and other public herds like the one at Wind Cave National Park with microchips to join the public herd and be harvested according to the market or population pressures. Hybrid herds should be assessed on a case by case basis and some individuals could join the main herd.

Steve Hickey gets it:
Step one isn’t an economic development task force as is evidence by why this well-intentioned idea is experiencing difficulties getting tribes to even come to meetings. Step one is the Truth and Reconciliaion Commission. If we want to move into a good future together we need to put the past on the table, and the present animosities and ongoing injustices. Natives culturally value honor and we think they value money like we do. [comment, Steve Hickey]
If SDGOP wants to interact with tribal nations it’s because there is federal money to funnel into the Governors Club.

There are three American Indians sitting in South Dakota's legislature.

The legislatures of Montana, South Dakota, Wyoming and New Mexico should be drafting cannabis compacts with tribes and pueblos, identifying needs, and raising the resources to rewild the West.

Monday, November 16, 2015

Koppel: cyber attack on grid just a matter of when

Former teevee host Ted Koppel has been an NPR contributor for decades and to pump his new book he sat today for an interview on The Diane Rehm Show. Koppel is convinced that an inevitable cyber attack on the US could take down the grid for days, even months causing food shortages and mayhem.

Ice storms routinely knock out electric power on reservations sometimes resulting in lost lives.
A college on the Standing Rock Indian Reservation will receive about $1 million in federal funding for a $2 million renewable energy project. The grant will be used to help install 636 kilowatts of solar power at five buildings at Sitting Bull College. Officials say the project should decrease short-term energy costs by 20 percent, saving about $74,000 a year. Standing Rock is one of 11 tribal communities slated to split up nearly $6 million in federal money for clean energy projects. The 3,600-square-mile reservation straddles the North Dakota-South Dakota border. [Associated Press]
Microgrid technologies are destined to enhance tribal sovereignty and free communities from electric monopolies.

After a century of exploitation Black Hills Corporation has announced a $70 million dollar cathedral to capitalism in occupied Rapid City.

Several utilities are based in South Dakota because of the state's regressive tax structure. Meanwhile, the state just raised taxes on those least pay to pay them...again.

Getting off the grid now has never been easier and net-metering only gives control to corporatists: just do it.

Cops' lives suck: FBI kills Peltier art installation

Our Lady of the Arroyo took me to Bridge of Spies yesterday: a film that reminds viewers just how fucked up the American justice system can be.

Leonard Peltier is a Prisoner of War.
Born in Grand Forks, North Dakota, Peltier attended school in Flandreau, South Dakota and lived in Washington state for years. He has denied being involved in the execution-style killing of the FBI Special Agents Jack Coler and Ronald Williams. But his accounts have varied and in his 1999 memoir, admits he shot his rifle during the shoot-out with the FBI agents while saying he didn't hit them. His son, Chauncey Peltier, said there is no evidence his father killed anyone. He has been exhibiting his father's paintings around the country to raise awareness about his father's attempt to gain a presidential pardon. [Pierre Capital Journal]
There is little doubt that South Dakota's attorney general, Marty Jackley, is grasping at the straws propping up the Janklow legacy after the Wounded Knee standoff that made Leonard Peltier a prisoner of war.

The opening of cell doors for some people convicted under federal law came up in an interview with Huffington Post.
President Barack Obama plans to grant clemency to federal offenders "more aggressively" during the remainder of his presidency, he said in a sit-down interview with The Huffington Post on Friday. "If we can get some action done at the federal level, that will make a difference in terms of how, I think, more and more states recognize it doesn't make sense for us to treat nonviolent drug offenses the way we do," Obama said. Commutations grant federal prisoners early release. [excerpt, Obama: I'll Use Clemency Power 'More Aggressively']
Calls of executive clemency for Peltier have been getting louder and a plea for his release sits at the tip of President Obama's pen.
Through 6 former Presidents and President Obama's 1st term in Office, Millions of Individuals world-wide (including Judges, Attorneys, Statesmen & Dignitaries) have rallied in support of Clemency for Wrongly Incarcerated Native American Human Rights/Environmental Rights Activist Leonard Peltier. [petition]
Only one American Indian was pardoned under the Bush regime. ProPublica's Dafna Linzer and Jennifer LaFleur reveal mostly unsurprising results (to me) of a study co-published in the Washington Post. Here is an excerpt from the first of two articles:
Blacks have had the poorest chance of receiving the president's ultimate act of mercy, according to an analysis of previously unreleased records and related data. Current and former officials at the White House and Justice Department said they were surprised and dismayed by the racial disparities, which persist even when factors such as the type of crime and sentence are considered. Obama officials believed changes in the pardon system could be made by executive order.
Former GOP South Dakota legislator, Steve Hickey of Sioux Falls has given voice to executive clemency for Peltier.

Leonard Peltier should be pardoned this year, Mr. President.

Photo: Last Real Indians.

Friday, November 13, 2015

Holy Roman Kiddie Diddlers in heat of 'Spotlight'

The leader of the Roman Church is cleaning house of pederastic predators but is taking heat from Republicans for his stance on curbing human-induced climate change and from progressives for his intent to canonize a colonizer accused of raping children.
The upcoming release of a movie detailing the Boston Globe’s 2002 investigation into the Catholic Church’s cover-up of clergy abuse may bring up “horrific memories” for New Mexico victims of sex abuse, Santa Fe Archbishop John Wester said. In a recent letter to Archdiocese of Santa Fe priests and parishioners last week, Wester said that the movie “Spotlight” is a chance for the faithful to pray for abuse victims. New Mexico was at the center of similar scandals years before the Boston stories. The Diocese of Gallup, which serves a large part of the Navajo Nation in New Mexico and Arizona, filed for bankruptcy in 2013 as lawsuits mounted over claims of clergy sex abuse. [Albuquerque Journal]
After a cassock with ties to the Sioux Falls diocese resigned amid clergy crimes, jaws are dropping.
A day after the deadline for filing clergy abuse claims against the St. Paul and Minneapolis archdiocese, interim Archbishop Bernard Hebda described the number of victims who stepped forward as “staggering.” With the full list of creditors now in sight, the archdiocese will begin working in bankruptcy court with the victims’ committee, insurance companies and others to review the claims. Hebda argued that a speedy end to the bankruptcy proceedings is good for everyone. [StarTribune]

South Dakota's legislature is hiding clergy crimes while Minnesota is prosecuting predator priests. A Sioux Falls cleric is closely tied to Archbishop John Nienstedt, a defendant in the case.
Ramsey County Attorney John Choi on Friday criminally charged the Archdiocese of St. Paul and Minneapolis for its "role in failing to protect children and contribution to the unspeakable harm" done to three sexual abuse victims of former priest Curtis Wehmeyer. Wehmeyer said he asked the archbishop a couple of times, 'Are you aware of my past? Are you aware of my record?' Wehmeyer said that Nienstedt brushed it off and replied, 'I don't have time to look into that stuff.'" [Minnesota Public Radio News]
Nienstedt is Chairman of the Board of Trustees for the University of St. Thomas where Sioux Falls Bishop Paul Swain serves on the Institutional Advancement Committee. They are standing together in the front row in the above photo.
Pope Benedict XVI appointed Paul J. Swain as the eighth bishop of Sioux Falls on August 31, 2006 and he was consecrated as Bishop of Sioux Falls on October 26, 2006. Bishop Swain previously served as a member of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops Committee for the Protection of Children and Young People.--bio, Catholic Diocese of Sioux Falls.
Catholic congregations and South Dakota's legislature have engaged in obstruction of justice for decades.

Thursday, November 12, 2015

Obese recovering drunk Bush-appointed activist judge slowing environmental protection

Last year through the US Environmental Protection Agency the White House moved to more closely identify the sources of non-point pollution. Despite a judge's ruling EPA is going forward with a new federal rule protecting small streams, tributaries and wetlands.

Republican Ralph Erickson was appointed U.S. District Court Judge by war criminal George W. Bush in 2003.
According to a 2007 profile in his law school alumni magazine, North Dakota Law, Erickson is a recovering alcoholic who at that time had been sober for 17 years. [Obscure N.D. judge takes lead role in fight over Obama rule]
As the EPA and the Army Corps of Engineers seek to identify sources of pollution being created by industrial agriculture Erickson's preliminary injunction covers up instances of ecoterrorism being committed by GOP donors.
Similar requests for preliminary injunctions were denied by judges in West Virginia on Wednesday and in Georgia on Thursday who agreed with the EPA and Corps that the matter belonged before a federal appeals court. Attorneys for the EPA and Corps say the Clean Water Act is already unclear and that the revisions will clear up confusion stemming from Supreme Court decisions in 2001 and 2006 on which streams and wetlands fall under federal authority. Erickson acknowledged that implementation of the rule would provide increased certainty as to what constitutes jurisdictional waters because some people will be removed from the WOTUS definition, such as owners of an intermittent wetland more than 4,000 feet away from an established tributary.
Read more about the activist judge in the Dickinson Press.

The Waters of the United States legislation seeks to give authority to the EPA to use some teeth to enforce the rights of people downstream to have clean water even from some sources that the US Geological Survey has already identified as impaired.

The Corps of Engineers has always had purview over water that flows into bodies that can support navigation.

Nearly every moving stream, intermittent or not in South Dakota, has supported a pre-settlement human or European explorer pulling and propelling a canoe over it.

In South Dakota, once it leaves its source, all surface water that flows from or through private property is owned by the state.

Property owners can harvest and possess rainwater and with a permit can pump from aquifers; but, the moment runoff reaches another body of water outside that boundary, contaminated by whatever residue it encounters along the way, within state borders, it's the property of the State of South Dakota.

Unfortunately, in South Dakota, the Department of Environment and Natural Resources is governed by those same offenders and therefore effectively neutered.

Republicans and their toadies are decrying government overreach while WOTUS architects regroup for another round in Congress.
Senate Republicans charged Wednesday that the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) relies too heavily on politics in its regulations and not enough on science.The accusation is one of the main reasons that the GOP is backing the EPA Science Advisory Board Reform Act, which would overhaul the membership and operation of the EPA’s main outside boards for scientific advice and for guidance on air pollution rules. The Obama administration has threatened to veto the House’s legislation. It has repeatedly said that the reforms are not necessary and would hamper the board’s important work. [The Hill]
South Dakota's Republican junior senator is chairman of the Environment and Public Works Committee subpanel holding the hearing on the bill.

Politics is what happens when your own gored ox is added to the pork of congressional sausage-making.
The Obama administration is promising to rewrite its proposed Clean Water Act rule to ensure that farmers have clear guidance about what streams, ditches and ponds will be regulated. Speaking to the National Farmers Union annual convention in Wichita, Kansas, EPA Administrator Gina McCarthy said the final rule is being prepared for White House review, and that the administration still intends to complete it this spring. Her remarks won't satisfy the Farm Bureau. Don Parrish, the group's senior director of regulatory affairs, noted that the administration hasn't committed to any changes in the definitions yet. “What constitutes ‘destroy and pollute' in EPA's eyes are different from what farmers might think,” he said. [Agri-Pulse]
A transcript of McCarthy's remarks are linked here.
The EPA argues it isn’t expanding its authority, just clarifying it, and that the change will protect the country’s water supply. [Sioux Falls Argus Leader]
This year South Dakota's GOP congressional delegation is stumbling all over itself trying to protect donors like Monsanto and Syngenta from their accountability for the state's impaired waters.

Concern over the further contamination of shallow aquifers that supply water to a third of East River has caused the Clay County Planning and Zoning Board to table for the second time in as many weeks changing the county ordinances governing Confined Animal Feeding Operations or CAFOs.

Republican attorneys general from mostly red states, including a grandstanding Marty Jackley, sued to shield their campaign contributors from sunlight.

South Dakota deserves better than a GOP congressional delegation protecting their donors instead of guarding safe water, food and shelter for families.

Friday, November 6, 2015

Breaking Bad comes to Pierre



Dennis Daugaard is Walter White. Marty Jackley is Saul Goodman. Jim Seward is Mike Ehrmantraut. Kevin Schieffer is Gustavo Fring. Tony Venhuizen is Jesse Pinkman. Melody Schopp is Skyler White. Heather Wilson is Lydia Rodarte-Quayle. Jeff Sveen is Todd Alquist. Richard Benda is Gale Boetticher. Walter Dale Miller is Hector Salamanca. Joop Bollen is Declan. Mike Rounds is Ted Beneke. Laurie Gill is Marie Schrader. Nicole Westerhuis is Jane. Scott Westerhuis is Tortuga. Conner Westerhuis is Drew Sharp. Kathryn Johnson is Gretchen Schwartz. Doyle Estes is Elliot Schwartz. The Division of Criminal Investigation is the Albuquerque Police Department.

Hank? Gomey? You tell me, Mr. Seiler, Mr. Mercer.


Bet she rocks a Speedo.

“Things are not working in Indian country,” she said. “We're open and ready for change, but it has to come from outside (the department), not from within.”

Scott Westerhuis has allegedly murdered his family, torched his house and turned a shotgun on himself. Melody Schopp and Rick Melmer are players.

Sure, we can stroke some obese Republican teacher for sucking hard on Melody Schopp's pencil eraser but politics has driven Sarah Lutz' climax.

Lutz is married to South Dakota's deputy state auditor: an office that has enabled Jason Gant and his handmaiden, Pat Powers, to delete documents pertinent to Bendagate and to the Westerhuis murders.

South Dakota's Republican governor says tribal governments are corrupt.
"It's like they are their own states, in a way," Daugaard said of the reservations.
Yes, Denny: the weeds are calling the grass green...again.
Chief Justice David Gilbertson: Are you saying that the nine reservations in South Dakota that the circuit courts in those areas have no legal authority or jurisdiction to summon tribal members to sit on state juries?
Bernard: Yes.
Gilbertson: Wow.
Despair means nothing left to lose. Ending poverty ends despair. Lose poverty, lose despair.

Arnie Schopp is one lucky clod buster, init?

In a state where good teachers are more in demand than good cops are the circle jerk continues.




Wednesday, November 4, 2015

Ohio Rejects Big Dope

Initiated law is a blunt instrument: cannabis statutes need to be hammered out in committee then ground into sausage.
Ohio’s legalization initiative, Issue 3, attempted an unusual approach. Rather than legalize recreational use and allow businesses to sell cannabis, as in Colorado, or legalize recreational use and centralize distribution under state ABC agencies, as in Washington, Ohio’s measure was backed by a cartel of investors—ResponsibleOhio—who would retain the exclusive rights to cultivate marijuana. That arrangement was highly controversial, making it unclear whether voters were rejecting marijuana itself, or simply a system that was decried by opponents as a monopolistic travesty. [The Atlantic]
California will have up to ten legalization initiatives on her ballot.

Colorado voters want the state to keep revenue generated by cannabis sales.

68% of Arkansans would support legal cannabis for therapeutic reasons.

Montana has already trained a generation of growers. The state enjoys numerous brewery pubs and wine tasting venues for local product.

South Dakota's red state legislature would just gut an initiated law like Montana's did.

Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders introduced the Ending Federal Marijuana Prohibition Act of 2015.

Let's assume Health and Humans Services Secretary Sylvia Burwell announces that cannabis has been removed from Schedule 1:
The HHS Secretary can even unilaterally legalize cannabis: "[I]f the Secretary recommends that a drug or other substance not be controlled, the Attorney General shall not control the drug or other substance."
a federal tax rate is adopted; and, she proposes that the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives become the lead agency in enforcement provided that states can craft law to cultivate and distribute.

I've proposed that tribal nations enter a compact with the state of South Dakota so Deadwood will become a cannabis friendly zone in its quest to become an adult destination. Montana's Crow and Northern Cheyenne Nations are weeks away from legalization so are New Mexico's Isleta, Santa Ana and Picuris Pueblos.
Voters in Macy approved three referendums Tuesday that will allow the Omaha Tribe of Nebraska to move forward with plans to explore marijuana use and cultivation on the reservation. [Sioux City Journal]
Assuming that home growing law looks like home brewing and wine making, what would state law need to include about liability insurance requirements for commercial resale and how would law enforcement be guided by probable cause?

Monday, November 2, 2015

SD Republican calls tribal cannabis great opportunity

Republican state lawmaker Liz May has hit one out of the ballpark.
State Sen. Jim Bradford said he had spoken earlier with Rep. Elizabeth May about the tour she took of the Flandreau tribe’s marijuana facility. She was the only representative who took that tour, and she was pleasantly surprised by how well the tribe handled it, Bradford reported. Rep. Shawn Bordeaux noted one problem. In South Dakota, the legal standard is “ingestion,” meaning a person is considered guilty if there’s any marijuana in his or her system. But marijuana can linger in the body for 30 days, he said. “When gaming first came out, they said there’s going to be mafia, and all the Indians are going to have all this crime. It’s going to be all over the reservations,” he said. “I ain’t seen one Guido yet … those folks who are supposed to be the mafia folks haven’t showed up.” [Pierre Capital Journal]
Exactly.

The tribe is unlikely to enter a compact with the state if it loses sole control of cannabis tourism.

But in Washington the State Liquor Cannabis Board has entered a compact with the Suquamish Tribe.
Board officials said in a news release the 10-year agreement signed Monday will govern the production, processing and sale of [cannabis] on the Tribe's land located in Kitsap County. The compact will head next to Gov. Jay Inslee for approval. A bill passed by the 2015 Legislature allows the governor to enter into marijuana agreements with federally-recognized tribes in Washington state. [KOMO]
South Dakota Democrats have exactly zero to lose by taking the efforts of FSST seriously.
A state lawmaker said Monday he wants production and sale of industrial hemp to become legal in South Dakota. Rep. Mike Verchio, R-Hill City, outlined his proposal at a meeting of the Legislature’s task force on tribal economic development. [Bob Mercer]
Verchio's actions are those of a colonizer who would introduce a plant from Asia into tribal nations and write legislation that would give county or state control over grow operations on reservations like California Public Law 280 does. javascript:void(0);

Verchio has only lived in South Dakota since 1988 yet is seen as a native by Republicans yet Joe Lowe, a Democrat who moved to South Dakota about the same time is portrayed as an outsider by those same earth haters.

Gannett's Jonathan Ellis believes the South Dakota Republican Party is on the losing side of cannabis prohibition.

That South Dakota Republicans prop up illegal drug use and project an ethics black hole while ignoring a potential revenue source is just more evidence of red state collapse.

Lee Schoenbeck is a reactionary self-aggrandizing cult member, a practitioner of the slippery slope straw man ruse, a crackpot of biblical proportions with delusions of grandstanding; and, if you don't agree with him you're a leftist, crazy or nuts.

To Schoenbeck video lootery is "unfortunate" self-reliance but necessary to keep the South Dakota Republican Party greased while cannabis is a projected moral hazard. He called idiot center-right blogger, Scott Ehrisman, a leftist.

With uncanny similarities to chicken hawk Senator Lindsey Graham, Lee's body language reads: difficult relationship with his father, insecurity, effeminate, anxious to appear manly with elements of latency. Clearly uncomfortable in his own skin, when Schoenbeck is confronted he is quick to go on the defensive, even change his direction mid-thought.

Bullied by Schoenbeck after a question on funding for education, host Stu Whitney said he'll address the issue in print rather than box Lee into a corner. Both Whitney and co-host Jonathan Ellis had numerous opportunities to press the moocher state legislator on Republican hypocrisy but chose softballs instead. Schoenbeck agreed with the idea of reducing the number of South Dakota counties until Ellis told him i posed the idea then he made an about-face and contradicted himself.

Watch Lee Schoenbeck bloviate and pontificate here.

Pat Powers, a morbidly obese white man who spews nonsense in support of South Dakota Republicants has long been banned from this and other South Dakota related sites because of a constant stream of bigotry, misogyny and other hate speech. He put up a nice post the other day even spelling my name correctly and i'd have linked to it but his site loads so glacially you'd find something else to do before you could read it anyway. The nanny-state GOP blogger in South Dakota usually just makes shit up and adds anonymous comments under his own posts to give his blog the illusion of reader traffic.

Powers is a sociopath presenting with symptoms of dissociation comorbid with addictive personality disease. Charlie Hoffman is a former state legislator living in his wife's shadow and is an incurable sot who laments free will and decries the nanny state over at Pat’s Pissoir yet rues the death of a ballot initiative that never had a chance in Hades of succeeding in light of actionable legislation.

For the record, I do not support widespread growing of hemp: it is an invasive species and capable of overgrowing native grasses.
North Dakota State University’s Langdon Research Extension Center started variety trials of industrial hemp this summer and is now beginning to harvest its crop. Kentucky is looking at industrial hemp varieties for the grain for seed and the biomass, and are getting yields about 1,000 pounds of biomass per acre, according to the Kentucky Department of Ag. One of the exciting products they are finding for industrial hemp is medicinal uses for people with epileptic disorders and seizures.
Read the bittersweet news here.

But, a red moocher state like South Dakota is powered by sin: video lootery, a loan shark industry that preys on the least fortunate, a massive gambling addiction and a too-big-to-jail banking racket fill in the gaps created by lobbyists who enjoy the protection of single-party tyranny.

Doyle Estes, one of the richest white men in South Dakota and a Future Fund recipient, has never put a single cent into a video lootery machine.
The teacher-pay issue might be a way for lottery officials to make changes more palatable to legislators, Estes said. Through that route, video lottery has been supporting education but only as a substitute for property taxes. Schools didn’t receive more funding as the result of video lottery. Three times citizens tried to repeal video lottery at the ballot box and each time the majority sided with keeping video lottery. [Rapid City Journal, link added.]
Estes donated a polluted swamp to Rapid City for a soccer complex. His wife, Kathryn Johnson, also a Future Fund crony, sits on the Board of Regents.

The hypocrisy of South Dakota’s Republican Party knows no bound. While nutcases like Fred Deutsch are crusading for an end to women's civil rights the state is hemorrhaging educators.

Marty Jackley may be a psychopathic sociopath and claim anything he wants; but no, state officials can't legally go onto Flandreau Santee Sioux tribal lands and arrest people for cannabis. Even if he believes he can doesn't mean he will. Jackley's blather is simply posturing for his acolytes.

Earth hater Dr. Rand Paul is leading his party toward legal cannabis while Democrats Hillary Clinton and Bernie Sanders are bringing the issue into the mainstream.
In contrast with Republican candidate Chris Christie, who wants to use federal power to stop legalized sales of marijuana in states like Colorado, Clinton told 9NEWS, “I want to give you the space” to experiment with pot policy. “I really believe it’s important that states like Colorado lead the way so we can learn what works and what doesn’t work,” Clinton told 9NEWS political reporter Brandon Rittiman. “I would certainly not want the federal government to interfere with the legal decision made by the people of Colorado.”
Watch the clip here.

More on Senator Bernie
Sanders' cannabis stance linked here.

Moody County stinks
, not from the Flandreau Santee Sioux cannabis endeavor, but from yet another Confined Animal Feeding Operation being constructed by Dakota Layers.

Meanwhile, the FSST is nearing completion of America's first cannabis resort. The tribe just received nearly $1 million in a settlement with the federal government after US failures to adequately compensate tribes managing education, law enforcement and other federal services.

Tribal nations are taking steps to bank cannabis proceeds. “The Indian casinos are basically small little banks:” Bloomberg.

Wyoming is actually weighing cannabis as a revenue source. Led by Democrats, Wyoming's legislature is slated to tackle numerous cannabis bills.

Officials of the Flandreau Santee Sioux Nation advanced their cannabis initiative after an Iowa casino on the border cut into the tribe's gaming business.

Lead, follow or get thee behind me, Santa.